origins and holiday appeal of the island and town of Hvar
One of the largest and best
known islands on Croatian coastline is Hvar island, located in the Adriatic Sea, just a short ferry ride from
the city of Split. The township of Hvar allows the more
active holiday maker to indulge in a lively diversion with historic sights galore, street markets, outdoor cafes,
traditional restaurants and konobas, and music concerts. The city of Hvar is the home to one of the oldest theatres
in Europe and the oldest theatre in Croatia, dating back to early 17th century.
The island spreads out on 80 km from west to east and it's a true paradise
for its visitors. Tourists all over the world visit Hvar island and its town of Hvar, as it hides many and diverse
surprises. It's one of the most popular stopovers and holiday destinations
for both local
celebrities and travellers.
The town of Hvar is the main arrival point for many Hvar visitors who come to enjoy the
island, as well as the nerby smaller islands called "Pakleni otoci".
Origins of Hvar island
The Hvar Island is thought to have been inhabited since the year 5000 B.C.
Since then, many different cultures have left their imprint on the
place. The Neolithic age
proves its existence in the history of the Hvar Island by a fragment of pottery dating from the year 2500
B.C. The bronze pottery and hilltop sites represent the Bronze Age. The Iron Age left behind a lot of
settlements including a castle; most of these settlements were even equipped with some rudimentary forms of
After that, the ancient Greeks became very interested in the Hvar Island.
Remains of the Greek colony can still be seen through some of the defense walls that are still standing. After the
Greeks, a lot of other cultures left their legacy to the people on the Hvar Island, like the Romans, Byzantines,
Slavs, Venetians, and Turks. Even newer states like
Austria, France, England and Russia had their own influence on this island.
Hvar name changes
During its existence, the Hvar Island was know by other names, depending on what culture it belonged to. First it was
known as Pharos and after that it was called Piteyeia (around the third century B.C.) as we know from the Greek
poet Apollonius of Rhodes. While it was under Roman rule it was called Pharia and later Fara.
Clean seas are one of the marks of many islands in Croatia, including Hvar
The Slavs, people that occupied
the island during the middle ages, named the island Hvar. Even if the island was under Slav occupation, a lot of
the inhabitants were Roman-speaking and convinced the Slavs to change the official name once more, this time into
Quarra. In the eleventh century the Italians changed the name again into Lesina (meaning forest), a word full of
meaning because at that time the island was perfectly characterized by a woody terrain. This name was kept until
the nineteenth century when it was changed back into Hvar Island.
Island of sun
This place exists nowadays
under the name of the Hvar Island, but the Hvar Culture has long been extinct. It is said that this culture existed
from the year 3500 to 2500 B.C. The Hvar Island takes an important place in Croatian history, being one of the
important literary centers of this country during the Renaissance period.
Nowadays the island is known as
a producer of lavender flowers, honey and wine. These are just some of the reasons why
this island appeals to international visitors, looking to stimulate their senses and enrich their Croatian holiday experience. The other reasons are its climate and unique
position, including many different species of flora and fauna.
An interesting fact about the
Hvar Island is that it gets about 2800 hours of sun per year - that's some 7.6 sunny hours per day. Apart from the
sun and the sea, visitors to this island will find it hard to get bored. The island offers a lot to those
interested in its history and culture, while being a great place to relax, bath in the sun and admire
Town of Hvar
The island's central place is
of course the town of Hvar, with its numerous tourist attractions and points of interest. It's an unavoidable place
to visit with its rich architecture, cafes, restaurants and other forms of modern entertainment. This is the place
where the first public theatre was opened in Europe, back in 1612.
Another place to visit on Hvar
island is the town of Stari Grad, located in the northern part of the island. It's the site of some of the first
human settlements on the Adriatic
Sea from Antiquity.
During the summer season town's harbour on Hvar is one of the busiest with all types of sea
vessels, from small boats and water taxis, to larger sea crafts and luxury
The town of Stari Grad (meaning 'old town') located in the northern part of the Hvar Island had
almost three thousand inhabitants in 2001. It is the site of some of the first human settlements on the Adriatic
Sea from Antiquity. Jelsa, a town in the central northern region of the island, it’s said to have had a
population of approximately 3.600 back in 2001.
Originally named Faros, Stari
Grad is believed to have been established by Greek settlers from the Greek island of Paros, who arrived to what's
now Hvar island in 384 BC. The town's name was changed to Stari Grad ('Old Town') in 1278 after Novi Grad ('New
Town' - now Hvar town) was built.
The fourth region that might
capture your attention is the town of Sucuraj, a city of picturesque beauty situated on the east cape of the Hvar
Island. Sucuraj has been named officially the center of the eastern part of the Hvar Island. The town is said to be
2300 years old, fact which can fascinate anyone. The city has been blessed with mild climate and a beautiful
country side which makes it even more perfect for contemplation and relaxation. The 400 people settled here live
off tourism and fishing therefore any person who is interested in this location will be received with open arms and
will have a wonderful time.
The town of Stari Grad is one of the oldest towns in Europe and probably the oldest in
Great place to relax and unwind
The Hvar Island is a great
place for a holiday. One of the few places were you can escape from the big city life and all its problems, a place
where you can really catch your breath and relax. Strolls on a forested sea path or a week of quiet life in one of
the picturesque villages to see how life is without any connection to civilization. The Hvar Island is a relaxation
heaven. There are a lot of sites to admire like one of the monuments of the Hvar Island, the Saint Lawrence Church
which is known for the collection of paintings by old masters. The Hvar Island also has one of the largest naturist
camps. There is simply no way you can get bored here.
One of the few places that man
hasn’t destroyed yet, the Hvar Island is a must see just like other famous places in the world. It’s just that it
hasn’t had so much publicity and this is perhaps the reason its beauty remains untouched. You can enjoy the scenery
and you can see the way native people live there. This will give you an idea about the way our forefathers made a
living without having to work in loud plants and polluted environments. As a fact, it is necessary to say that Hvar
Island is one of the perfect places you can visit and unwire yourself.